The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. During the United States colonial period of the Philippines (1898-1946), the United States government was in charge of providing education in the Philippines. Volunteer American soldiers became the first teachers of the Filipinos. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Summary of the American Colonial Period The rule of the United States over the Philippines had two phases. Education in the Philippines has undergone several stages of development from the pre-Spanish times to the present. Keywords: education system; organization and structure; Philippines; history of education. Highlights of Education during the American Time Education Act of 1901 laid the foundation of the Philippine Public school system. In August 1901, 600 teachers called Thomasites arrived. The students were given free school materials. The original batch of Thomasites was composed by 365 males and 165 females, who sailed from United States on July 23, 1901. The nation's Executive Order No. American Educational System in the Philippines: A Brief History Shortly after their arrival in the Philippines, the American military forces began to establish schools. George Counts, a Yale professor and a member of the Commission wrote in 1925 in The Elementary School Journal that "Half of the children were outside the reach of schools. The framework is bounded on the context of legal and philosophical underpinnings pursuant to Article IV Section 19 of the Philippine [9], The report also informed that teacher training was inadequate and that 82 per cent of the pupils did not go beyond grade 4. Among the most important colleges during American rule were: Philippine Normal School in 1901 (now Philippine Normal University) and other normal schools throughout the country such as Colegio Filipino (1900, now National University), Silliman Institute (1901, now Silliman University, Iloilo Normal School (1902, now West Visayas State University), Cebu Normal School (1902, now Cebu Normal University, Negros Oriental High School (1902), Capiz Home School (1904, now Filamer Christian University, the Echague Farm School (1918, now the Isabela State University) St. Paul College of Dumaguete (1904, now St. Paul University Dumaguete), Zamboanga Normal School in 1904 (now Western Mindanao State University), Jaro Industrial School (1905, now Central Philippine University), Instituto de Manila (1913, now University of Manila), Philippine Women's College (1919, now Philippine Women's University), and Institute of Accountancy (1928, now Far Eastern University. The Commission declared that although Filipino students were on the same level as their American counterparts in subjects like Math or Science, they lagged far behind in English-language related subjects. Part of their mission was to build classrooms in every place where they were assigned. The American soldiers stopped teaching only when a group of teachers from the U.S. came to the Philippines in June 1901. Many of the problems identified were attributed to the attempt to impose an English-based education system in just one generation, concluding that "Upon leaving school, more than 99% of Filipinos will not speak English in their homes. The Philippine-American War, known as the “Philippine Insurrection" was a nationalist revolt led by Emilio Aguinaldo in 1899 against American War. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Religion was not part of the curriculum of the schools as it had been during the Spanish period. Their name derived from the ship they traveled on, the USS Thomas. [7] In return, they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. Prepared by: Noralie B. Morales Philippines - Philippines - The period of U.S. influence: The juxtaposition of U.S. democracy and imperial rule over a subject people was sufficiently jarring to most Americans that, from the beginning, the training of Filipinos for self-government and ultimate independence—the Malolos Republic was conveniently ignored—was an essential rationalization for U.S. hegemony in the … A bilingual education scheme was established in 1974, requiring Filipino and English to be used in schools. Advanced search options. Some examples of these successful Filipino scholars were Judge José Abad Santos, Francisco Benitez, Dr. Honoria Acosta-Sison and Francisco Delgado. Public system of education Education became a very important issue for the United States colonial government, since it allowed it to spread their cultural values, particularly the English language, to the Filipino … This program encouraged Filipinos to obtain education in the United States and return to the Philippines. It was designed to identify how American school structures and 8urricula were transplanted to the Philippine school systeffi. at Plato’s school, named simply Akademia, or “The Academy.” The Greek philosopher well understood the importance of physical fitness. The educational system in the Philippines had undergone various stages of development. The American soldiers stopped teaching only when a group of teachers from the U.S. came to the Philippines in June 1901. 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