Omissions? The court started out with six justices, expanded to seven and has gone as high as 10. Plus, visit CourtTV.com to watch Court TV live, catch up on recent trial coverage or access our On Demand library of classic trials, in their entirety. The court code is a numerical indicator that identifies the location where a court case is filed or should be filed. In some countries, unpopular rulings have resulted in riots (Bulgaria); court buildings have been attacked and burned (Pakistan); judges have been intimidated and removed from office (Zimbabwe), assassinated (Uganda), or reassigned to courts in the hinterland (Japan); courts have been stripped of their jurisdiction (United States); and, in the most extreme cases, judicial institutions have been suspended (United States) or abolished (Russia). 1. court- an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial … After the court packing plan failed in Congress, Justice Willis Van Devanter – one of the "Four Horsemen" who led the Court's opposition to the New Deal – retired and was replaced by Hugo Black. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? What made you want to look up court? Plus, visit CourtTV.com to watch Court TV live, catch up on recent trial coverage or access our On Demand library of classic trials, in their entirety. The Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. a place where justice is administered. The word court, which originally meant simply an enclosed place, also denotes the chamber, hall, building, or other place where judicial proceedings are held. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback. Throughout the world, the decisions of courts have often been ignored or violently opposed. “Closing and Distributing the Probate State." Civil Court Basics Civil court is a government institution that settles disputes between two or more entities, typically in the same courthouse that also tries criminal cases. The Court accepts requests by mail, fax, or email. If courts become embroiled in ordinary political disputes and are seen as just another political actor trying to advance its ideology, interests, and preferences, then the legitimacy of the institution can be gravely damaged. Other articles where Court is discussed: association croquet: The association croquet court is rectangular, 35 yards (31.95 m) long by 28 yards (25.56 m) wide, and is defined by a boundary line. In general, judges are mindful of threats to the legitimacy of the courts and are unwilling to put it at risk in order to prevail in any particular political or legal controversy. If no agency were empowered to decide private disputes impartially and authoritatively, people would have to settle their disputes by themselves, with power rather than legitimate authority likely being the basis of such decisions. noun 1 (also court of law) A body of people presided over by a judge, judges, or magistrate, and acting as a tribunal in civil and criminal cases. The justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, for example, often make reference to legitimacy as one of the institution’s most precious (and perhaps most volatile) resources. The Supreme Court will enter a new year Friday but there's still election drama from 2020 on its plate. a session of a judicial assembly. She will be recognized for the honor and speak during Western Regional Convention’s 53rd Annual Awards Gala, being held virtually on Saturday, January 9, 2021. . Court. Court -- Judge or body of judges whose task is to hear cases and administer justice. Others have argued that some issues are simply too politically sensitive for courts to intervene in (e.g., the president’s war-making powers). Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Thus, in this most basic sense, courts constitute an essential element of society’s machinery for keeping peace. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Court, a person or body of persons having judicial authority to hear and resolve disputes in civil, criminal, ecclesiastical, or military cases. Laurel is a city in Maryland, United States, located almost midway between Washington and Baltimore on the banks of the Patuxent River.While the city limits are entirely in northern Prince George's County, outlying developments extend into Anne Arundel, Montgomery and Howard counties. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Justices have asserted that frequent reversals of existing precedents undermine the legitimacy of the judiciary. noun the practice of changing the number or composition of judges on a court, making it more favorable to particular goals or ideologies, and typically involving an increase in the number of seats on the court: Court packing can tip the balance of the Supreme Court toward the right or left. Welcome to the District Court of Maryland for Baltimore County located in Catonsville, MD on Rolling Cross Road.. A royal court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.Hence the word court may also be applied to the coterie of a senior member of the nobility.Royal courts may have their seat in a designated place, several specific places, or be a mobile, itinerant court. Looking for the abbreviation of Court? Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. a judicial tribunal duly constituted for the hearing and determination of cases. case law. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A yard line runs around the court one yard inside of the boundary line. If you send a request by fax, please call the Clerk’s Office to verify your request was received. English Language Learners Definition of court (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for court in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Old French, enclosed space, royal entourage, court of justice, from Latin cohort-, cohors farmyard, armed force, retinue, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for court, Nglish: Translation of court for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of court for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about court. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. There was a large group of protesters outside the, The prosecution has new evidence to submit to the, Soon, negative online customer reviews overwhelmed the earlier positive reviews, the. At 17, with the consent of his parents, Rodriguez was emancipated by a Lafayette, Louisiana, Zaidi's sentencing has been delayed, according to, The former employee wasn’t charged or named in, As a general practice, the city does not comment on litigation outside of, By early 2019, after Phunware went public, former colleagues said Knitowski spoke of wanting to, Whatever firewall remained between them was being rapidly eroded by Kislyak’s efforts to, The difference this year is that Republicans did the work to, While the family chases the stag and awaits the prime minister’s first visit to Balmoral, Prince Charles has begun to, This happened even though Trump barely lifted a little finger to try to, And what to make of Kellyanne Conway, the most visible Trump official to, By early 2019, after Phunware had gone public, former colleagues said Knitowski started talking about his efforts to, the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior, The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. Child welfare, juvenile justice, and family services, programs, or initiatives. Judicial legitimacy derives from the belief that judges are impartial and that their decisions are grounded in law, not ideology and politics. The FISA court is a tribunal established in 1978 that decides whether to approve wiretaps, data collection and government requests to monitor suspected terrorists and spies. court noun (LAW) B2 [ C usually singular, U ] a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the people present in such a place, especially the officials and those deciding if someone is … The primary function of any court system—to help keep domestic peace—is so obvious that it is rarely considered or mentioned. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. United States District Court District of Maryland Hon. Court of Appeals -- Maryland’s highest appellate court wherein review is ordinarily a matter of discretion. Typically, the numerical court code is displayed as part of a case docket number on all court records or is displayed on a uniform motor vehicle/traffic citation to indicate what court location will be receiving such citation information. A searchable index of court forms for family matters such as divorce, guardianship, child custody, and more. (See also military law; arbitration.). Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Professional judges in the civil-law tradition, Professional judges in the common-law tradition, https://www.britannica.com/topic/court-law, court of justice - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. If there were no institution that was accepted by the citizens of a society as an impartial and authoritative judge of whether a person had committed a crime and, if so, what type of punishment should be meted out, vigilantes offended by the person’s conduct might well take the law into their own hands and proceed to punish the alleged miscreant according to their uncontrolled discretion. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. It also compares the systems of the two predominant legal traditions of the contemporary world: common law, represented by England, the United States, Canada, Australia, and other countries deriving their legal systems from the English model; and civil law, as represented by countries of western Europe and Latin America and certain Asian and African countries that have modeled their legal systems on western European patterns. It explores some of the fundamental relationships of this branch with legislative and executive branches and analyzes the functions, structure and organization, and key personnel of courts, the judges. A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. Often in sharp contrast to other political institutions (such as legislatures), courts are respected—indeed often revered—because their decisions are viewed as being principled rather than motivated by self-interest or partisanship. A court is an institution that the government sets up to settle disputes through a legal process. Corrections? Court, also called court of law, a person or body of persons having judicial authority to hear and resolve disputes in civil, criminal, ecclesiastical, or military cases. Learn a new word every day. Without force or monetary inducements, courts are weak institutions, because they are denied the most efficacious means of ensuring that their decisions are complied with and enforced. Court TV is back with live gavel-to-gavel coverage of America’s biggest and most important trials. Please mail, fax, or email your requests to the appropriate division: Northern Division (Baltimore) U.S. District Court The word ‘court,’ which originally meant simply an enclosed place, also denotes the chamber, hall, building, or … In a broader sense, the term may also refer to a legislative assembly; a deliberative body, such as the General Court of Massachusetts, which is … , Clerk of court Noun still election drama from 2020 on its plate, County of Santa Clara review you. Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox quote, if possible.... Of existing precedents undermine the legitimacy of the boundary line article ( login. 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